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How braces work

 

Goto section on Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Orthodontic Treatments

 
How Braces Work


  • Braces are made of brackets affixed to the tooth to hold the archwire in place, bonding material to hold the brackets to the tooth and an archwire threaded through brackets to put pressure on teeth. Rubberbands exert added force in a specific direction.
  • Orthodontists use brackets and wire to move teeth to their desired position for proper jaw function and dental health.
  • Treatment planning is essential for correct tooth movement and for the long-term stability of your teeth.
Braces Move Teeth
Braces work by putting pressure against the teeth, gradually moving them into their desired positions over time. Pressure causes the bone around the teeth to respond, allowing for movement. When your teeth reach their destination, new bone growth supports them in the new positions.

Orthodontists often use brackets and wire to move teeth. The tiny brackets are made of metal or ceramic configured with slots. The orthodontist bonds the brackets to the teeth, using the slots to hold the archwire in place along the outside of the teeth. The archwire applies most of the pressure that moves teeth during treatment. "Rubber" bands, actually made from surgical latex, create additional pressure.

The orthodontist may adjust or replace the archwire periodically to maintain the right amount of pressure on the teeth. Traditionally, as a patient nears the end of treatment, stainless steel wires are used to fine-tune individual tooth positions. The stainless steel wires are manually bent to make the final tooth-by-tooth adjustments.


The majority of archwires now are made from a heat-activated, nickel-titanium alloy, originally developed by NASA to activate the solar panels of spacecraft in orbit. At room temperature, the wires are very flexible, so the orthodontist can easily thread them into the brackets attached to the teeth. When they warm to the temperature inside the mouth, they lose their flexibility. The rigidity causes gradual and constant pressure to be applied to the teeth.



 
 

 

Goto section on Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Orthodontic Treatments

 

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Advanced Dental Care Centre

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